Berlin plötzensee. Věznice Plötzensee

Plötzensee Prison

berlin plötzensee

On September 3, 1943, immediately before the heavy air raid on Berlin, Hitler complained to the Reich minister of justice about the long time involved in completing clemency proceedings. They included more than 1,400 Germans and more than 1,400 other people from over 20 other nations. Between 1933 and 1945, 2891 people were sentenced to death and executed at Plötzensee prison, including members of the Red Orchestra, participants in the failed coup of 20 July 1944, Czech resistance fighters and members of the Kreisau Circle. You wonder how color- and peaceful the city could have been in the previous centuries — though the history of the nearby Gedenkstätte Plötzensee shows you the contrast. In 1915, the lands east of the canal with Plötzensee Lake were incorporated into Berlin the present-day district , the remaining area around the prison walls became part of the Berlin borough upon the 1920. Among the victims were famous resistance members, such as the circle of the Red Orchestra and a number of actors within the 20 July plot to kill Hitler in 1944.

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Plötzensee Memorial

berlin plötzensee

Shortly after the National Socialist takeover in , prison discipline also became harsher in Plötzensee. Covering an area of more than 25 hectares about 62 acres , it arose as a complex of structures for accommodating 1,200 inmates that included many open areas. Gedenkstätte Plötzensee In 1951, the city government established a memorial centre at Plötzensee, which was officially opened a year later. The exhibition next door exhibition chronicles the perversions of the Nazi justice system, climaxing in the 1944 executions of over 100 people responsible for the failed assassination attempt on Hitler orchestrated by Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg. Celkem zde bylo popraveno 677 českých vlastenců. Until , only murder and severe felonies involving explosives were punishable by death; by , 25 offenses involve capital punishment. .

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Gedenkstätte Plötzensee

berlin plötzensee

It features artwork by Alfred Hrdlicka, with twelve panels depicting the murder and death at Plötzensee as a danse macabre. Separated from the prison area, it was dedicated by the on 14 September 1952 in the remaining two rooms with its drain and the preserved gallows. The last execution was carried out on 20 April 1945. The bereaved were obliged to pay a fee of 1. Under strict secrecy, a guillotine was transported from the Bruchsal prison in Baden to Plötzensee and erected there.

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Plötzensee Memorial Center

berlin plötzensee

Just contact our visitBerlin travel advisors via phone or email. The convicts were beheaded by a stationary Fallbeil , from 1942 also by. The lake itself is a beautiful, natural lake with lots of trees growing around it and a public bathing beach with a history of 100 years. The detention centre established in 1868 has a long history; it became notorious during the era as one of the main sites of , where about 3,000 inmates were executed. Memorial wall covering the execution shed Today the execution shed is a memorial site operated by the institution to commemorate those executed by the Nazis. .

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Plötzensee Prison / Plötzensee Gefängnis

berlin plötzensee

The area divided by the opened in 1859 was located at the outskirts of the forest northwest of the Berlin city limits in the. On a dark heavy beam under the ceiling, five hooks are attached, each a metre apart, darkly hinting at what happened here in Plötzensee between 1933 and 1945. The Reich Ministry of Justice received the names of prisoners sentenced to death by telephone on September 7, 1943. Věznice se rozkládala na 26 ha a byla obehnána 6 metrovou zdí. No evidence was found that Hüttig commited the murder — it was even quite unlikely that Hüttig was guilty, in despite of his execution. Several streets in the surrounding Charlottenburg-Nord housing estates were named after executed resistance fighters.

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Plötzensee Prison / Plötzensee Gefängnis

berlin plötzensee

Here, five out of the eight meat hooks are still visible. From 1933 to 1945, more than 2,800 people unjustly sentenced to death by the National Socialist judiciary were executed here. Plötzensee still includes a prison infirmary. After pausing for only 12 hours, the executioners in Plötzensee hung more than 60 additional victims during the following nights until September 12, 1943. Popravovalo se zde nejčastěji a později i oběšením.

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